AskDefine | Define exercise

Dictionary Definition

exercise

Noun

1 the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit; "the doctor recommended regular exercise"; "he did some exercising"; "the physical exertion required by his work kept him fit" [syn: exercising, physical exercise, physical exertion, workout]
2 the act of using; "he warned against the use of narcotic drugs"; "skilled in the utilization of computers" [syn: use, usage, utilization, utilisation, employment]
3 systematic training by multiple repetitions; "practice makes perfect" [syn: practice, drill, practice session, recitation]
4 a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding; "you must work the examples at the end of each chapter in the textbook" [syn: example]
5 (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches; "academic exercises"

Verb

1 put to use; "exert one's power or influence" [syn: exert]
2 carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions; "practice law" [syn: practice, practise, do]
3 give a work-out to; "Some parents exercise their infants"; "My personal trainer works me hard"; "work one's muscles" [syn: work, work out]
4 do physical exercise; "She works out in the gym every day" [syn: work out]
5 learn by repetition; "We drilled French verbs every day"; "Pianists practice scales" [syn: drill, practice, practise]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From exercitium

Pronunciation

  • a UK /ˈɛk.sə.saɪz/, /"Ek.s@.saIz/
  • a US /ˈɛk.sɚ.saɪz/, /"Ek.s@r.saIz/

Noun

  1. Any activity designed to develop or hone a skill or ability.
    The teacher told us the next exercise is to write an essay.
  2. Physical activity intended to improve strength and fitness.

Translations

Any activity designed to develop or hone a skill or ability
  • Arabic: (tamrīn), (tadrīb)
  • Bosnian: vježba, praksa
  • Croatian: vježba, praksa
  • Finnish: harjoitus, harjoittelu
  • German: Übung
  • Japanese: 練習 (renshū)
  • Korean: 연습 (yeonseup)
  • Latin: exercitatio, exercitium
  • Persian: (tamrin), (mašq)
  • Polish: ćwiczenie , zadanie
  • Serbian:
    Cyrillic: вежба, пракса
    Roman: vežba, praksa
  • Swedish: övning, uppgift
  • Urdu: (mašq)
  • Vietnamese: bài tập
Physical activity intended to improve strength and fitness

Verb

  1. To set into action or practicing.
    He was going to exercise the horses.
  2. To perform any activity designed to develop or hone a skill or ability.
  3. To take action, enforce.
    The tenant exercised its option to renew the tenancy.
    She is going to exercise her right to vote.

Translations

to set into action
to perform activities to develop skills
to take action, enforce

Extensive Definition

Sometimes the terms 'dynamic' and 'static' are used. 'Dynamic' exercises such as steady running, tend to produce a lowering of the diastolic blood pressure during exercise, due to the improved blood flow. Conversely, static exercise (such as weight-lifting) can cause the systolic pressure to rise significantly.

Breathing

Active exhalation during physical exercise helps the body to increase its maximum lung capacity. This results in greater efficiency, since the heart has to do less work to oxygenate the muscles, and there is also increased muscular efficiency through greater blood flow. Consciously breathing deeply during aerobic exercise helps this development of the heart and lungs.

References

Sources

  • Health, The Basics
exercise in Arabic: تمرينات رياضية
exercise in German: Training (Sport)
exercise in Esperanto: Korpekzercado
exercise in Spanish: Ejercicio físico
exercise in Galician: Exercicio físico
exercise in Japanese: フィジカルトレーニング
exercise in Portuguese: Exercício físico
exercise in Simple English: Exercise
exercise in Finnish: Kuntoilu
exercise in Swedish: Träning
exercise in Thai: การออกกำลังกาย
exercise in Yiddish: איבונגען

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Nachtmusik, abrade, absolute music, absorb, absorb the attention, act, acting, action, active use, activism, activity, adaptation, aerobics, agency, aggravate, agitate, air varie, aleatory, aleatory music, annoy, appliance, application, apply, apprentice, apprenticeship, arrangement, arrest, assignment, athletics, baccalaureate service, badger, bait, basic training, be at, bedevil, behavior, beset, bestow, boning, bother, brainwork, break, break in, breaking, breather, breed, breeding, bring to bear, bring up, bristle, brown off, bug, bullyrag, burden, burn up, busywork, calisthenics, callisthenics, carry on, catch, celebration, ceremonial, ceremony, chafe, chalk talk, chamber music, chamber orchestra, chare, charge, charm, chivy, chore, commencement, commission, composition, concern, condition, conditioning, conduct, conning, constitutional, consumption, contemplation, convocation, cram, cramming, cultivate, cultivation, daily dozen, descant, develop, development, devil, direction, discharge, discipline, discompose, discourse, disquisition, distemper, distress, disturb, do, do with, dog, doing, drill, drilling, driving, duty, effect, electronic music, employ, employment, empty formality, enchant, engage, engage in, engage the attention, engage the mind, engage the thoughts, engross, engross the mind, engross the thoughts, engrossment, enthrall, errand, etude, exasperate, execute, execution, exercises, exercising, exert, exertion, exploit, exposition, extensive study, fascinate, fash, fetch up, fetching-up, fish to fry, fit, fix, follow, form, formal, formality, foster, fostering, fret, function, functioning, gall, get, go in for, good use, grab, graduation, graduation exercises, grind, grinding, grip, gripe, groom, grooming, gymnastic exercises, gymnastics, handle, handling, harangue, harass, hard usage, hard use, harmonization, harry, headwork, heckle, hector, hold, hold spellbound, hold the interest, homework, homily, hound, house-train, housebreak, housebreaking, hypnotize, ill use, immerse, improve, improvement, in-service training, inaugural, inauguration, incidental music, initiation, inspection, instruction, instrumental music, invention, involve, involve the interest, irk, irritate, isometrics, job, job of work, labor, lecture, lecture-demonstration, lesson, lick into shape, limber up, liturgy, lucubration, make use of, make-work, manage, management, manipulate, manipulation, manual training, matters in hand, mental labor, mesmerize, miff, military training, mission, misuse, molest, monopolize, moral, moral lesson, morality, moralization, movement, movements, mummery, nag, needle, nettle, nocturne, nudzh, nurse, nurture, nurturing, object lesson, observance, obsess, occupation, occupy, occupy the attention, odd job, office, on-the-job training, operancy, operate, operation, operations, opus, orchestration, peeve, performance, performing, persecute, perturb, perusal, pester, physical education, physical jerks, pick on, piece, piece of work, pique, plague, play, pluck the beard, ply, pother, practice, praxis, preachment, preoccupy, preparation, prepare, production, program music, project, prosecute, provoke, pursue, put forth, put in tune, put into practice, put out, put to school, put to use, raise, raising, reading, ready, readying, rear, rearing, recital, recitation, rehearsal, rehearse, religious ceremony, responsibility, restudy, restudying, review, ricercar, ride, rile, rite, rite de passage, rite of passage, ritual, roil, rough usage, ruffle, running, score, send to school, sermon, service, set, set task, setting-up exercises, skull session, sloyd, solemnity, solemnization, sonata, sonatina, specialize in, spellbind, steering, stint, stretch, string orchestra, string quartet, study, studying, subject, swing, swotting, tackle, take in hand, take on, take to, take up, talk, task, teaching, tease, theme and variations, things to do, throw, torment, train, training, trio, trouble, try, try the patience, tweak the nose, undertake, upbringing, usage, use, using up, utilization, utilize, variation, vex, vocational education, vocational training, wage, warm up, warm-up, wide reading, wield, work, work at, work out, working, working-out, workings, workout, worry, wrong use, yoga
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